Plato 427-347 BCE – Biography, Top 20 Best Quotes

Plato (427-347 BCE) was a renowned Greek philosopher, a student of Socrates, and the teacher of Aristotle. Born into an aristocratic family in Athens, Plato was deeply influenced by Socrates’ teachings and methods.

After Socrates’ execution, Plato traveled widely, gathering diverse philosophical insights. He founded the Academy in Athens, one of the earliest institutions of higher learning in the Western world.

Plato 427-347 BCE: Biography, Top 20 Best Quotes

Plato’s extensive writings, mainly dialogues, explore various subjects such as ethics, politics, metaphysics, and epistemology.

His most famous works include “The Republic,” where he discusses justice and the theory of the Forms. Plato’s ideas have profoundly influenced Western thought, making him one of history’s most significant philosophers.

Early Life and Background

Plato, originally named Aristocles, was born around 427 BCE in Athens, Greece, into an aristocratic family. His father, Ariston, claimed descent from the early kings of Athens, while his mother, Perictione, was related to the renowned lawmaker Solon. Plato’s upbringing in such an influential family exposed him to a rich intellectual and cultural environment.

Education and Influence of Socrates

Plato became a devoted student of Socrates, whose teachings and methods profoundly impacted him. Socrates’ emphasis on dialogue and the Socratic questioning method influenced Plato’s philosophical approach. The execution of Socrates in 399 BCE left a lasting impression on Plato and motivated him to preserve and expand his teacher’s ideas.

Plato 427-347 BCE: Biography, Top 20 Best Quotes

Travels and Founding of the Academy

After Socrates’ death, Plato traveled extensively, visiting places like Italy, Sicily, and Egypt. These journeys allowed him to engage with different philosophical traditions and broaden his understanding. Around 387 BCE, Plato returned to Athens and established the Academy, one of the earliest institutions of higher learning in the Western world. The Academy attracted many students, including Aristotle, and became a model for future educational institutions.

Philosophical Contributions

Plato’s writings, primarily in the form of dialogues, cover a wide range of topics, including ethics, politics, metaphysics, and epistemology. His most famous work, “The Republic,” outlines his vision of a just society and introduces the theory of the Forms, which posits that the material world is a reflection of a higher, unchanging reality. Other notable works include “Phaedo,” “Symposium,” “Timaeus,” and “Laws.”

Legacy and Influence

Plato’s influence extends beyond philosophy to fields such as mathematics, political theory, and education. His ideas have shaped Western thought for over two millennia and continue to be studied and debated. Plato died around 347 BCE, but his legacy endures, making him one of the most significant philosophers in history.

Top 20 Best Quotes of Plato

“The beginning is the most important part of the work.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“The greatest wealth is to live content with little.” “Courage is knowing what not to fear.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“Wise men speak because they have something to say; fools because they have to say something.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“Ignorance, the root and stem of every evil.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“Human behavior flows from three main sources: desire, emotion, and knowledge.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“The direction in which education starts a man will determine his future in life.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“There are two things a person should never be angry at, what they can help, and what they cannot.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“The measure of a man is what he does with power.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“A good decision is based on knowledge and not on numbers.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“He who is not a good servant will not be a good master.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“At the touch of love, everyone becomes a poet.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“Opinion is the medium between knowledge and ignorance.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws. Plato (427-347 BCE)

“Knowledge without justice ought to be called cunning rather than wisdom.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“Music is a moral law. It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and gaiety to life and to everything.” Plato (427-347 BCE)

“Excellence is not a gift, but a skill that takes practice. We do not act rightly because we are excellent we achieve excellence by acting rightly. Plato (427-347 BCE)

” the heaviest penalty for declining to rule is to be ruled by someone inferior to yourself. Plato (427-347 BCE)


“Plato’s profound insights into human nature, society, and the universe continue to resonate, reflecting his enduring legacy as a foundational thinker in Western philosophy. Plato (427-347 BCE)



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